The Pax Americana Institute's Writing

Below, find the most recent publications from PAI's veteran writers, researchers and thought-leaders.

PAI publishes a number of different categories of writing on a regular basis:

Or browse all of PAI's publications on Classical Conservatism below:

Suggested Articles: 6-12 January 2019

Suggested Articles
6-12 January 2019

1. Marco Rubio: Will we shape societal trends, or be helplessly shaped by them?

Florida Senator Marco Rubio comments on the issues Americans face in society today and how those living in the United States can shape a prosperous American future. Senator Rubio explains that conservatives must fight to keep conservatism relevant in today’s turbulent times. Conservatives need to continue protecting the values which the founders of the United States held in such high regard. The deterioration of society, led by left, can be defeated. The Pax Americana Institute and its readers understand that upholding classical conservative pillars is necessary to ensure America remains the world’s beacon of liberty.

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/marco-rubio-will-we-shape-societal-trends-or-be-helplessly-shaped-by-them

2. Enabling Criminal Aliens

Former Milwaukee County Sheriff David Clark writes about the recent murder of California Police Corporal, Ronil Singh, and the policies which enabled his killer. The illegal immigrant who murdered Corporal Singh had displayed behavior which should have been reported to ICE but instead was not reported because of sanctuary laws. Due to California’s absurd laws, which prevent local law enforcement from communicating with federal agencies, killers and criminals who cross the nation’s border illegally are allowed free reign. Classical conservatives in the American Midwest, though seemingly distant from border issues, must continue to undertake the challenges of protecting the US from dangerous criminals who enter our nation illegally.

https://townhall.com/columnists/sheriffdavidclarke(ret)/2019/01/07/enabling-criminal-aliens-n2538577

3. Loose Canons: The Most Successful Cover Up

The American Spectator’s Jed Babbin explores the cover-up surrounding the Nunes memo, which shows that the FBI and Justice Department worked with the Obama administration and the Clinton campaign. Crimes in the political world, as explained by Babbin, only matter if the cover-up fails. The FBI and Justice Department deliberately released their intelligence in a manner to throw off investigating parties, leaving out important details like those surrounding the Hillary Clinton Campaigns purchase of the Steele dossier. The Pax Americana Institute and conservatives across the Midwest continue to search for truth in an age where truth is so easily discarded for political sides.

https://spectator.org/the-most-successful-coverup/

4. There’s nothing progressive about a multipolar world

Michael Rubin of the American Enterprise Institute covers the issues surrounding “multipolar” world. Today’s American political left, especially prominent during the Obama administration’s years, embraced the idea of a multipolar world with claims it would keep everyone safe and prosperous based on mutual dependence. China, Russia, Turkey, and Iran all seek regional dominance, completely disregarding the values of liberty and justice upheld in the world by the United States. Conservative followers of PAI recognize the extreme threats posed by a multipolar world, understanding that belligerent nations like Russia and Iran care for little more than to expand their influences.

http://www.aei.org/publication/theres-nothing-progressive-about-a-multipolar-world/

Intelligence Forecast: January 2019

1. Trump Pulling U.S. Troops out of Syria and Afghanistan and its Effects

The Trump administration has ordered the military to pull all American troops from Syria and approximately 7,000 troops from Afghanistan. This comes after President Donald Trump stated ISIS has “been defeated” in Syria and Iraq. The actions by President Trump seem to ignore the importance of why America is present in the Middle East, to eradicate the ideology of radical Islam, not only to destroy ISIS.

Unlike Communism and other radical ideologies in the past, the ideology of the radical Islamic groups birthed from the Muslim Brotherhood is based on a fundamentalist stance of Islam set on destroying society in order to create an Islamic caliphate. One of the hardest parts of stopping radical Islamic terrorism in the modern age is today’s political left-wing, who are so fragile when it comes to calling out Muslims for, in many ways, promoting fundamentalist ideas. For example, the Muslim Brotherhood, an organization championed by those who believe Islam is a peaceful religion, states its main goal as instilling the Quran as the sole reference point for the individual, community, and state, essentially calling for Sharia law. This primary goal of the Muslim Brotherhood isn’t much different from the goals of groups including ISIS and al Qaeda, which is to establish an Islamic caliphate with Sharia law. Groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood, are another version of radical Islam.

The future of America in the Middle East has become bleaker in recent weeks, as it seems the Trump Administration believes the southern border wall is a more important issue than fighting radical Islamic terrorism and Russian expansion in the Middle East. Although the issue of the southern border is an important homeland security issue, the readers of PAI know and understand radical Islamic terrorism is a far larger threat.

When looking at the current situation in the Middle East, after American forces pull out of Syria, it is more than likely the world will see Déjà vu of when then President Obama pulled the majority of American troops out of Iraq in 2011. Not only will the Kurds have a large setback in holding stability in areas of Syria and Iraq, but it is likely another ISIS like group will emerge in the region of particularly Iraq. It wouldn’t be too far-fetched either for al-Shabaab to move into the region as they have close ties to al-Qaeda. The Sunni terrorist group al-Shabaab has seen a significant increase in support in recent months as they are spreading through the horn of Africa. They even have a high ranking leader running for a government position in what is left of Somalia. Another possibility, although slim, is for Blackwater, now known as Academi, to play some role in the Middle East. The private military contractor company has made some odd statements in recent weeks pointing towards their involvement in areas including Afghanistan.

The worst part of the situation of pulling troops out of Syria and Afghanistan is the weakening of American influence in the region The Trump administration is likely going to appoint a new Secretary of Defense who supports Trump’s plan to pull troops out of the Middle East, something many claim was a reason for Secretary Mattis resigning. Unfortunately, it is a possibility the Russian government’s influence will continue to move into the region now with nothing to stop them. The situation of removing troops from Syria and Afghanistan sets America back almost a decade as signs of progress will be lost.

2. Space Force Resides Under Air Force

Nobody has heard much news from the Trump administration about the Space Force since it was announced during later summer. In recent weeks, news has come out that the Space Force isn’t going to be its own branch of the American military as anticipated by many in the SDI and national security community. The plan for the Space Force in the near future is to become absorbed by the Air Force where a legislative proposal will be presented to Congress in the 2020 fiscal budget.

Though many people within the Air Force rejoice as they will likely be receiving a significant budget increase, there could be some worry when it comes to capabilities. As Donald Trump said during his announcement of the Space Force, the Space Force will be “separate but equal” to the Air Force. As seen, this is not going to be the case, at least initially. What is likely going to happen to the Space Force is something similar to the Marine Corps being under the discretion of the Navy. Although the Space Force won’t be as powerful as previously intended and won’t have as large a budget as expected, they will make a significant impact when it comes to space defenses.

As it stands, this is what seems to be the current future for the creation of the Space Force. Expect the future of the Space Force to be heavily established on protecting and establishing satellites in space. Another large possibility is the creation of the missile defense system in space. This could include the creation of anything from skyhooks to better missile technology deployable from space. Not only is the Space Force going to make a significant impact on technology, but also a large step forward for NUTS theorists seeking to create a missile defense system in space.

3. Laser-based Energy Weapons in Missile Defense Now Possible

The idea of missile defense technology has been around since the Reagan years, and now many of the ideas are finally a possibility with increased technological advances. Allen Hamilton, The Vice President of Booz, an American technological development company, has stated the direct energy possibilities within a war is limitless and is a possibility in the near future.

This entails numerous technological possibilities for the United States. Much like how GPS guided missiles changed the wartime strategy for the United States during Operation Desert Storm, the use of direct energy weapons is coming close to being a reality to change the way war works. When considering theories such as missile defense, the use of direct energy, commonly referred to the public as lasers, could dramatically improve defense capabilities. Direct energy moves at the speed of light, meaning the disablement of an ICBM could be almost instant, especially considering the speed of light is almost 60,000 times faster than most typical ICBMs.

Although this sounds fantastic, there is a cost. Before NUTS theorists start salivating at these ideas, they should first be told the estimated $700 billion Allen Hamilton stated it would initially cost. As it is possible to have these capabilities what seemed to be only possible in the movie Star Wars, it is likely this won’t happen anytime soon, especially since Democrats and Republicans shut the government down over $5 billion towards a border wall.

The technology of lasers and direct energy weapons is coming closer and closer. As this is the case, it is evident the Chinese and Russians could also be working on these technological improvements. The uses of direct energy weapons could do everything from destroy multiple missiles in seconds to immobilize battlefield vehicles. As this technology looms in the near future, the United States should invest slowly towards the technology until it is more affordable. It is apparent direct energy weapons are a feasible possibility within many Americans lifetime, waiting only until funding is put towards missile defense and laser technology

Suggested Articles: 30 December 2018 – 5 January 2019

Suggested Articles
30 December 2018 – 5 January 2019

1. Jimmy Carter’s bad ideas on China

Gary Anderson of The Washington Times provides insight into former President Jimmy Carter’s foreign policy ideas concerning China. Former President Carter’s proposal came after a rear admiral of the Chinese navy suggested sinking US naval ships to show their regional dominance. The struggle to maintain freedom is a constant in American foreign policy. Pax Americana Institute readers understand that a free and fair Pacific relies on the United States alone.

https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/2/jimmy-carters-bad-ideas-on-china/

2. Russia’s anti-Western propaganda campaign is a declaration of war

Washington Examiner opinion contributor Henry Miller investigates the Russian aggression carried out via propaganda and disinformation operations. Russian cyber meddling is nothing new, spreading across a multitude of different areas from explicit hacking to anti-technology trolling. Russia targets individuals by provoking a response which will generate sentiment against American organizations, like in the instance where anti-vaccine propaganda was used to pit low-income Americans against pharmaceutical companies by spreading the blatant lie that high-income households receive cleaner vaccines. Russian propaganda is splitting Americans and deliberately causing turmoil within the United States. PAI readers remain vigilant against the threat of Russian disinformation.

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/russias-anti-western-propaganda-campaign-is-a-declaration-of-war

3. Opinion: Trump’s withdrawal of US military personnel from Syria will allow Putin to grow Russia’s influence

Alan Baez, a guest contributor for NEWSREP, explains how the American troop withdrawal from Syria will lead to an increase in Russian regional influence. US military presence in the Middle East, specifically in Syria, keeps Russian influence and aggression at bay, by deterring their military operation. Putin has already displayed heavy support for the Assad regime, allowing the massive human rights violations to continue against those we consider our allies, the Kurds. As Baez explains, US troop withdrawal will not only harm the United States by allowing the expansion of Russian influence but will also diminish the key relationships the US has in the Middle East. Classical conservatives across the US who follow the Pax Americana Institute continue to monitor the current situation, knowing well the hazards of withdrawal and the long-term benefits of exercising American influence.

https://thenewsrep.com/112296/opinion-trumps-withdrawal-of-us-military-personnel-from-syria-will-allow-putin-to-grow-russias-influence/

4. You Can’t Make This Up: A Speech Code that Investigates Students for Discussing the Freedom of Speech

CATO institute researchers Ilya Shapiro and Patrick Morgan review the newly adopted “speech codes” by the University of South Carolina. Speech codes within themselves are inherently degrading to the first amendment right of United States citizens, but these new campus regulations created an investigation into students who were discussing the idea of Freedom of Speech. This situation shows a dangerous turn being taken in places where education and free thought are supposed to triumph. Classically conservative followers of PAI remain in support of discourse, especially on public college campuses where the sharing of ideas of vital to our republic.

https://www.cato.org/blog/you-cant-make-speech-code-investigates-students-discussing-freedom-speech

Suggested Articles: 23-29 December 2018

Suggested Articles
23-29 December 2018

1. In Africa, the US needs to counteract China and Russia — without becoming them

This editorial in the Washington Examiner covers the expansion by Russia and China into Africa. Both nations are currently expanding their global reach by investing in nations and acquiring strategic pieces of land or businesses. The piece notes the importance of American support, for both the African nations and our own, explaining the investment in Africa is a long-term game. Pax Americana Institute followers grasp the necessity of American intervention, knowing the United States is, as Abraham Lincoln said, the “last best hope” for the world today.

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/editorials/in-africa-the-us-needs-to-counteract-china-and-russia-without-becoming-them

2. Duckworth’s AR-15 Screed Merely Proves The Left Is Lying About Gun Control

Federalist contributor Noah Diekemper writes about the ever heated gun control debate and Illinois senator Tammy Duckworth’s recent appeal about banning weapons. Duckworth brings up several cases in which violence lead to the death of individuals and suggests banning semi-automatic weapons is the answer to these issues. Duckworth alluded to the idea that politicians who oppose gun control care more about money from the NRA than the lives of those who have been affected by gun violence. Situations like this show the American Left desire to continually erode the values we hold near and dear, especially considering all other rights are protected by the second amendment right. PAI followers continue to fight for the American way of life, opposing the deteriorating ideas supported by those like Duckworth.

http://thefederalist.com/2018/12/28/duckworths-ar-15-screed-merely-proves-left-lying-gun-control/

3. Defending Trump’s Space Command

Jon Justice of the Washington Times makes the case for president Trump’s newly directed creation of the Space Command. The moves to create a space defense force have sparked numerous critics to claim it will cause another arms race or it is a waste of government resources. As Justice points out, a defense force focused on securing the reaches of outer space is necessary to keep the United States safe in an ever-changing and technologically advancing world. Classically conservative followers of PAI, both in the Midwest and other parts of our nation, understand that American leadership, pioneering, and defense in outer space is the only way to keep the country safe and secure.

https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/27/defending-trumps-space-command/

4. How Compassionate Is The Democrats’ Open-Borders Policy?

Daily Wire writer David Limbaugh explores the irrationality and self-destructive nature of the proposed border strategies of the American Left. Such policies have sanctuary cities and catch-and-release tactics which not only incentivize illegal immigration but also put legal immigrants and current American citizens at risk. PAI readers must continue to push for legal immigration which can help to allow those most deserving and needing of help to get it. Classical conservatives everywhere understand the border debate truly boils down to a defense of the rule of law, protecting the values Americans hold.

https://www.dailywire.com/news/39766/limbaugh-how-compassionate-democrats-open-borders-david-limbaugh

Suggested Articles: 16-22 December 2018

Suggested Articles
16-22 December 2018

1. Stay in Syria

The editors of The National Review write about the newest development from the current administration concerning a troop withdrawal from Syria. Pulling troops out of Syria has serious implications, considering operations there have done well to both help defeat ISIS and check Russian intervention in the Middle East. Just as in Iraq, a massive withdrawal from Syria leaves an open space for radical groups, the tyrannical government of the Assad regime and Russian influence to run rampant. Classical conservative followers of PAI understand that leaving Syria now does nothing but hamper the United States in long term foreign policy goals by weakening it’s sphere of influence.

https://www.nationalreview.com/2018/12/trump-decision-syria-troop-withdrawal-mistake/

2. ‘Disturbing’ new tactics: Mexican cartels use ultralight aircraft to smuggle illegals into U.S.

The Washington Times’ Stephen Dinan reports on the new aircraft used by Mexican drug cartels to smuggle drugs and people into the United States illegally. The small aircraft are powered by lawnmower style engines and are built out of everyday materials. These homemade aircraft show the ongoing and shifting challenges that border patrol agents face on a daily basis. The Pax Americana Institute and its readers understand these changes show the necessity for resource dedication to border security institutions. The United States cannot afford to stand by and let dangerous cartel members take control of the southern border.

https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/19/ultralight-aircraft-used-smuggle-illegals-mexico-u/

3. The U.S. Military’s Crisis of Imagination

Former Assistant to the Secretary of Defense Seth Cropsey and former Undersecretary of Defense Doug Feith write about the problem of adapting to future national security issues. Because the national security of the United States relies on imagination of what attacks could come next, stagnation in congress over funding can lead to immense demise. The United States history is marked with situations that could have been prevented by proper adaptation, referring to Pearl Harbor and 9/11. Pax Americana Institute followers know that a strong defense, built of imaginative prediction, is the key to protecting this great nation.

https://www.hudson.org/research/14749-the-u-s-military-s-crisis-of-imagination

4. Strategic default: How to roll back China’s weaponization of capital investment

J. Michael Waller of The Washington Examiner provides insight into the predatory loan tactics used by China to acquire ports and gain monetary interests in other nations. China has been exploiting poor nations by providing loans they know cannot be repaid. Nations of strategic interest to China remain at risk of falling prey to the exploitative communist party of the PRC. Midwestern conservatives understand the United States, as the purveyor of freedom in the world, is the best hope in leading the charge against China and their abuses of poor nations.

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/strategic-default-how-to-roll-back-chinas-weaponization-of-capital-investment

Suggested Articles: 9-15 December 2018

Suggested Articles 
9-15 December 2018

1. Allowing the State to Search Gun Seekers’ Social-Media Accounts Is a Terrible Idea

Katherine Timpf of The National Review comments on the issues now posed by an upcoming bill in New York which would allow police to search through potential gun owners social media accounts. The issue with the bill, as Timpf notes, is not that there could be information preventing the mentally disturbed from getting weapons, but instead it actually targets “biased language.” PAI and its midwestern conservative readers know well the attacks on regular American, labeling things like The Lord of the Rings racist and “Baby it’s Cold Outside” as sexist, just to bring down classical conservatives. The New York bill is not just an attack on the second amendment; it is a smear tactic by the American left.

https://www.nationalreview.com/2018/12/allowing-new-york-state-to-search-gun-seekers-social-media-accounts-terrible-idea/

2. Carnage, Death, Mayhem: Report predicts Catastrophe in Event of EMP Attack

Pax Americana Institute Board of Advisors member Dr. Peter Pry writes about the U.S. Air Force Electromagnetic Defense Task Force report outlining America’s inability to properly defend against EMP attacks. Another PAI Board of Advisors member and former CIA director Ambassador James Woolsey was a co-author of the report. The Pax Americana Institute and it’s readers continue to hold EMP threats in a high regard, knowing well the hazards that come with failure to prepare properly.

https://dailycaller.com/2018/12/11/carnage-death-emp/

3. The censorship of the American mind

Washington Post contributor Cheryl Chumley gives an analysis of the censorship of conservative thoughts and ideas on today’s college campuses. Today, many colleges have adopted policies which can be used to silence students should their opinions diverge from that of the professors and faculty. Chumley cites a report from the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, saying about 90% of today’s college campuses have such policies. Classical conservatives in the Midwest and beyond fully grasp the issues that come with censoring ideas. This is a slippery slope that has led the human race to plummet into heinous depths before. The Pax Americana Institute fully supports the freedom of speech the American people have.

https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/13/the-censorship-of-the-american-mind/

4. China’s Growing Aggression on the High Seas

Matthew Continetti of The National Review reports on China’s increased hostility around the East and South China Seas and the Sea of Japan. China has continued to push the United States and its allies, like Japan, showing their staunch desire to take control of strategic locations in the seas. PAI continues to monitor the issues China brings forward and provide analysis of how to counter the imperialistic goals of Xi Jinping. Classical conservatives know the challenges China has created and understand a world led by the tyrannical ideologies of the PRC are dangerous to all ways of life in the free world.

https://www.nationalreview.com/2018/12/china-sea-power-challenges-international-order/

Weekly Snapshot: 9-15 December 2018

Weekly Snapshot
9-15 December 2018

1. Russian military buildup on the border of Ukraine

Recent satellite imagery has shown military buildup activity at the border of Russia and Ukraine. Imagery shows three IL-76 heavy cargo planes coming in and out of the Dzhankoy air base in occupied Crimea. This, along with the new S-400 missile defense system, put in there after the Russian attack on the Ukrainian navy late last month.

Satellites have also shown an increase in military transports going over the contentions Kiev bridge into Crimea. These include armored infantry carriers. Across the border in Russia, tanks, trucks, and equipment have begun piling up as Russia appears to be preparing for a military intervention.

The last time this amount of military equipment was set into place was before the invasion of Crimea in 2014. However, that followed a military exercise that explained the increased military presence. This time there is not a military exercise set, it is simply just a military buildup. As much of Ukraine is still under martial law, both sides seem to be preparing for the worst.

2. Violence over former Al-Shabaab leader campaign in Somalia

Violent protests broke out in Baidoa, the capital of the South West region, over the campaign of Mukhtar Robow. Robow is a former high ranking official with Al-Shabaab, a radical Islamic extremist group that has been designated as a terrorist group since 2008 by the United States. Robow is running for President of the region and has been met with much resistance. Robow was arrested for allegedly bringing Islamist militants and weapons back to Baidoa, and in response, his supporters protested against the police.

The police are being backed by Ethiopian peacekeeping forces. Elders of Baidoa are conflicted as they do not want to see a radical Islamic militant in power, yet they do not want to see the authorities install their own candidate. So far, 11 people were killed in the protests including one lawmaker from the region.

If Robow were to be elected, it could show a strong sign of Al-Shabaab gaining strength and political influence in Somalia. This could be dangerous for the United States missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the rest of Africa.

3. Tensions flare between the US and DPRK

In a statement by North Korea, they condemned the United States administration for increasing sanctions on several North Korean officials and gave a warning of a return to “exchanges of fire.” The North has also threatened that the road to nuclear disarmament could be blocked forever. This is just another tactic being used by the North in their attempt to remain a nuclear power. Despite the landmark summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un last June, not much as been done regarding denuclearization. Several high-level meetings have been canceled abruptly, and talks have seemed to stall.

The sanctions were emplaced on three North Korean officials, including Kim Jong Un’s top aide, for alleged human rights abuses. It is no secret that North Korea has had massive human rights abuses and it is refreshing to know that the United States is starting to take those abuses seriously and finally take action against them. It has been widely thought this stunt of denuclearization is nothing more than a game the North is playing in order to reduce sanctions and gain economic aide. However, the United States must not concede until the North has denuclearized.

The Most Qualified President in the History of the United States

Op-Ed – The Most Qualified President in the History of the United States

Imagine the experience of Mike Gallagher, Nikki Haley, Bob Dole, James Woolsey, Reince Priebus, and Dick Cheney encompassed into one individual. That individual would be George H.W. Bush, the most qualified individual to live at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. Most people only know George H.W. Bush for his time during the Reagan years and as the 41st president, but his experience spans much further than what meets the eye. He isn’t just the presidential candidate that got carried into office by the success of Ronald Reagan; he’s one of the greatest public servants in the minds of many.

Shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor, young George Bush enlisted in the U.S. Navy and became the youngest Naval aviator in U.S. history at the age of 18. After attending Yale University obtaining a degree in economics, he moved to Texas where he started his own oil business becoming a millionaire. During the rise of modern conservative, Bush became involved with politics and ran for Senator of Texas in 1964. Jokingly, it seems George Bush was in every aspect of U.S. government except the Senate chambers, as he also lost a senate race in 1970. In between these Senate races, Bush had been elected to the U.S. House of Representatives where he served four years.

In 1971, President of the United States Richard Nixon appointed George Bush as United States Ambassador to the United Nations. Using this experience, he grew contacts and experience in foreign policy. During the Watergate scandal, then President Nixon requested George Bush take the position as chairman of the Republican National Committee. Many believe this was due to the public’s opinion of Bush, as he was known for his honesty and integrity, something many Republicans were lacking. The year of 1974 was a tough time to be a Republican, let along the chairman of the RNC. After the release of the white house tapes, Bush requested that Nixon would resign, as he felt it would be the best for the Republican party.

After the Nixon years, Bush moved on and was appointed Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in the People’s Republic of China. During his approximate one year in China, Bush’s work has been seen as a positive step forward for the growing relationship between China and the United States. After leaving China in 1975, Bush was appointed as Director of Central Intelligence where he supported Operation Condor; a U.S. backed campaign with an initiative to eliminate Communist threats in South America.

Many believed 1980 was the year for a Republican, as polls towards Jimmy Carter were mostly negative. Carter’s disapproval ratings were no surprise, especially with the high levels of inflation and unemployment, along with the Iran hostage crisis. The two front-runners in the 1980 Republican primary were Ronald Reagan, representing what was considered the conservative part of the Republican party, and George H.W. Bush, who represented more of an establishment Republican. Although George Bush was behind in the polls, he managed to travel over 250,000 miles and attended around 850 political events. Bush later withdrew from the campaign as he lost a majority of the primary races against Ronald Reagan.

Lucky for George Bush, he was selected by Ronald Reagan to be his Vice President

Nominee on the 1980 presidential ticket. During his time as Vice President, Bush was placed as chair on two special task force initiatives that were key parts of the Reagan administration, the war on drugs, and deregulation of government. Bush also had a strong presence as the leader of the Senate where he placed two key tie-breaking votes. The first came in 1984 when he cast the vote to approve the creation of the MX Missile System, today is known as the LGM-118 Peacekeeper, a high powered ICBM capable of holding ten warheads. The second tie-breaking vote came for Vice President Bush in 1987, where he cast a vote to prevent the Strategic Defence Initiative from losing approximately $800 million in funding. Bush even helped lay out the groundwork for the U.S. government policy on terrorism, proving his expertise in international affairs.

Finally, in 1988 George H.W. Bush became the 41st president of the United States. Although he was a one-term president, many argue he is the most successful one-term president in history. With continuing Reagan’s foreign policy, the fall of the Soviet Union occurred in 1991. This success didn’t stop as military operations occurring in Panama, and the Persian Gulf were effective in stopping totalitarian regimes from abusing power. Bush broke approval rating records as some polls topped an approval rating of 89%. Although many aspects of his Presidential initiatives came under question, there is little argument the positives of his administration outweigh the negatives.

As apparent in his profound experience in public service, George H.W. Bush is a true American patriot. Conservatives have looked upon him as a hardworking individual that put his country first. Although many consider Bush a part of the “establishment” Republicans, he led the country showing true class and ethics politicians today wish they had. George H.W. Bush’s legacy will live on for generations and for the foreseeable future as the most qualified individual hold the highest office in the land, President of the United States of America.

Weekly Snapshot: 2-8 December 2018

Weekly Snapshot
2-8 December 2018

1.  Qatar to leave OPEC

Qatar has announced that as of January 1st, 2019, they will officially be leaving the OPEC agreement. Officially, they are citing that this move is to have an increased focus on natural gas production, however, many people speculate this exit has deeper reasonings. Qatar has been at odds with Saudi Arabia for years, especially after the Saudi boycott of Qatar in June 2017 for alleged terrorist activities. With Qatar being a minority oil producer, the effect will not be felt right away, but if this sentiment of the gripping claw of Saudi Arabia is multi-lateral amongst several countries in OPEC, this could lead to a more volatile oil market.

OPEC or Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries was originally founded in 1960 by five countries; Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. It was later joined by several others, including in 1961 by Qatar. With Saudi Arabia being one of, if not the biggest oil producers in OPEC, they have great power over the oil world. In 2016, they took 1.8 billion barrels off the market due to sliding oil prices, virtually manipulating the price of oil. This, along with a Saudi-Russian axis, has several OPEC partners worried (as Russia is not a member of OPEC). This withdrawal will be an interesting mark in the history of OPEC and could spell the beginning of an end to a long tradition in the oil market.

2. Iranian missile test

December 1st, Iran tested a medium-range ballistic missile. This was the first test of its kind in over a year. This ballistic missile had the capabilities to hit parts of Europe and the entirety of the middle east. This action goes directly against the UN Security Council resolution that was passed, saying Iran should not pursue “any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology.” In response, a spokesman for the Iranian foreign minister said “Iran’s missile program is defensive in nature… There is no Security Council resolution prohibiting the missile program and missile tests by Iran”.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has already condemned these actions, and the United States is looking into actions to stop the growing hostilities in Iran. This is another example showing the Iranians had no intention of stopping their missile development programs after the 2015 nuclear agreement. The Trump administration has been adamite that the Iranian regime will not stop until they have a fully functional nuclear missile, and that is simply something the United States and the world can not have.

3. US embassy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Closes

The US embassy in Kinshasa DRC has been closed since the beginning of December. Currently, all non-essential employees and their families are being ordered to return stateside due to the increased risk of violence. This comes after Al-Shabaab militants snuck into the country from Somalia. This could be a sign that Al-Shabaab is looking to grow outside the borders of Somalia. The spreading of terrorist cells is often a hard thing to track, especially in a region that has limited military and intelligence support.

Al-Shabaab is a Salafi jihadist organization that has a Wahhabist ideology. They have aligned themselves largely with Al-Qaeda. Despite having several leadership rifts over the years that weakened their number in the past, it appears that Al-Shabaab is increasing in strength. With their fighters crossing borders and threatening the US embassy, Al-Shabaab is back and could cause serious damage to the stability of the region.

Suggested Articles: 2-8 December 2018

Suggested Articles
2-8 December 2018

1. Don’t trust the intel when it comes to Iran’s nuke program

Dr. Peter Pry, a member of PAI’s Board of Advisors, provides insight into the issues surrounding Iran’s nuclear capabilities and the intelligence related to such capabilities. Dr. Pry cites several high ranking former intelligence officials, including another Pax Americana Institute Board of Advisors members Ambassador R. James Woolsey and Ambassador Hank Cooper, who claimed that Iran has a policy of deception and strategic sacrifice which was used to mislead the Obama administration. Iran’s habitually hostile nature towards the US and the West mean they should not be trusted. Skepticism about their “non-existent” nuclear weapons program is necessary to develop a national security policy. Midwestern conservatives cannot afford to leave this issue on the back burners.

https://thehill.com/opinion/national-security/419569-dont-trust-the-intel-when-it-comes-to-irans-nuke-program

2. You Can’t Go Home Again

Davis Devoss of The Weekly Standard explains why so many Californians are having issues getting back on their feet after the most recent wildfires. Devoss notes that inadequate insurance plays a small part in the issue, but the major problems have stemmed from California’s “famously progressive policies designed to protect the environment.” Though relatively well-intentioned, California’s building laws make rebuilding extremely hard in the long run, not to mention impossible to do quickly. California’s far left governmental requirements are proving to hurt the citizens who must abide by them, preventing much-needed healing. The Pax Americana Institute and classical conservatives across the nation will continue to cite this instance as one for smaller government.

https://www.weeklystandard.com/david-devoss/the-real-reason-california-homeowners-struggle-to-rebuild-after-fires

3. Bolton outlines U.S. African strategy to challenge China, Russia

Carlo Muñoz of The Washington Times reports on National Security Advisor John Bolton’s announcement of the Trump administration’s plans for Africa. Bolton notes that China and Russia are currently using predatory practices in Africa to expand their influence and gain economic advantage in the region. China has been increasing its influence in China through loans and economic support. Because many African nations cannot accumulate the necessary amount of money to repay China, the PRC then forgives loans through land grabbing opportunities. Midwestern conservatives know although Africa is far away, the influence China is spreading is damaging to the American way of life. Pax Americana Institute followers should keep this issue front and center.

https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/13/john-bolton-outlines-us-african-strategy-challenge/

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